The purpose of this article is to analyze the substantive crimes created by article 245 of the Turkish Penal Code Number 5237 (TPC) in the light of the main principles of Turkish criminal theory governing the evaluation of the actions as offences. The analysis includes a discussion that some items of legislation are contrary to law; particularities of the offences; the investigation and prosecution stages, and the reasons that act to mitigate punishment and enforcement. Turkish Appeal Court decisions will be mentioned accordingly.